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陈兰洲、博士生张超的论文在ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY 刊出
发布时间:2020-01-13 15:48:58     文章来源:www.402.com 发布者:易真     浏览次数:

标题: Bioremediation of cadmium-trichlorfon co-contaminated soil by Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) associated with the trichlorfon-degrading microbe Aspergillus sydowii: Related physiological responses and soil enzyme activities

作者: Zhang, C (Zhang, Chao); Tao, Y (Tao, Yue); Li, SX (Li, Shuangxi); Ke, T (Ke, Tan); Wang, PP (Wang, Panpan); Wei, SJ (Wei, Sijie); Chen, LZ (Chen, Lanzhou)

来源出版物: ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY  : 188  文献号: 109756  DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.109756  出版年: JAN 30 2020

摘要: Soil co-contaminated with heavy metals and organics is often difficult to remediate. In this study, pot experiments were conducted to investigate the concurrent removal of cadmium (Cd, two levels: Cd-L [10 mg kg(-1)] and Cd-H [50 mg kg(-1])) and trichlorfon (TCF, 100 mg kg(-1)) from co-contaminated soil by comparing the following remediation methods: natural remediation (NR), soil inoculated with Aspergillus sydowii (AS), soil planted with Brassica juncea (BJ), and soil planted with B. juncea and inoculated with A. sydowii (BJ-AS). The physiological responses of B. juncea and soil enzyme activities after remediation were also studied. B. juncea grew well in co-contaminated soil at both Cd levels. The biomass and chlorophyll content of B. juncea in Cd-H soil were lower than those in Cd-L soil, whereas the malondialdehyde content and activities of catalase, peroxidase and superoxide dismutase of B. juncea in Cd-H soil were higher than those in Cd-L soil. Cd accumulation in B. juncea was high in Cd-H soil, whereas high Cd removal efficiency was observed in Cd-L soil. TCF could be thoroughly degraded within 35 days in NR at both Cd-level soils. AS, BJ and BJ-AS promoted TCF degradation and enhanced the activities of catalase, urease, sucrase and alkaline phosphatase in soil compared with the NR. BJ-AS showed the highest phytoextraction ratio (3.32% in Cd-L and 1.34% in Cd-H soil) and TCF degradation rate (half-life of 2.18 and 2.37 days in Cd-L and Cd-H soil, respectively). These results demonstrate that BJ-AS could effectively remove Cd and TCF from soil and is thus a feasible technology for the bioremediation of these co-contaminated soil.

入藏号: WOS:000503913900049

PubMed ID: 31711776

语言: English

文献类型: Article

作者关键词: Soil; Cd-TCF co-contamination; Bioremediation; Brassica juncea; Aspergillus sydowii

地址: [Zhang, Chao; Tao, Yue; Li, Shuangxi; Ke, Tan; Wang, Panpan; Wei, Sijie; Chen, Lanzhou] Wuhan Univ, Hubei Res Ctr Environm Remediat Technol, Coll Resource & Environm Sci, Hubei Key Lab Biomass Resources Chem & Environm B, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.

通讯作者地址: Chen, LZ (通讯作者)Wuhan Univ, Coll Resource & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.

电子邮件地址: chenlz@whu.edu.cn

影响因子:4.527


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